Entradas con la etiqueta ‘European Union’

El Premio Nobel de la Paz 2012 es ilegal y no debe ser pagado a la UE

Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, el sudafricano Desmond Tutu y la irlandesa Mairead Maguire, ganadores del Nobel de la Paz, se opusieron a la concesión este año de ese premio a la UE.

En esta carta abierta a la Fundación Nobel aseguran que el Comité noruego, no respetó los deseos de Alfred Nobel, creador de los premios, de distinguir con el de la Paz a quienes contribuyan “al hermanamiento de los pueblos y a la eliminación o reducción de armamento, así como formar o impulsar congresos de paz”.

Tutu, Esquivel y Maguire consideran por tanto “ilegal” la concesión del premio a la UE, ya que no se corresponde con la idea de un orden global desmilitarizado defendida por Nobel.

 

 
Aquí la carta completa en Inglés:

November 28, 2012
The Nobel Foundation
P.O. Box 5232, SE-102 45 Stockholm,
Sweden
cc.: The Foundations Authority, Stockholm County (Länsstyrelsen)

THE 2012 PEACE PRIZE IS UNLAWFUL AND CANNOT BE PAID TO THE EU

The European Union, announced by the Norwegian Nobel Committee as the winner of the peace prize for 2012, clearly is not one of “the champions of peace” Alfred Nobel had in mind when he described the purpose in his will. We ask the Board of the Foundation to clarify that it cannot and will not pay the prize from its funds.
We would like to remind you of the decision of the Swedish Foundations Authority (Länsstyrelsen) on March 21, 2012, requesting the Board to examine the purpose Nobel described in his will, underlining that all prizes must comply, and clarifying that the Swedish Foundations Act places the supreme authority and responsibility also for the Norwegian decisions in the Board of the Nobel Foundation.
Unauthorized transformation of Nobel´s purpose Instead of an unspecified prize for “peace,” Alfred Nobel in his 1895 testament explained in precise terms the champions of peace (“fredsförfäktare”) whose work he wished to benefit. Nobel intended to support the political work for a demilitarized global peace order (a “folkens förbrödrande”), based on co-operation, law and disarmament.
The Norwegian Nobel Committee has redefined and reshaped the prize in a way that is not in accordance with the law. The choice of the EU for the 2012 prize fails on at least two counts:

1. the EU is not seeking to realize Nobel´s demilitarized global peace order,
2. the EU and member states condone security based on military force and waging wars rather than insisting on the need for an alternative approach.

The purpose of the peace prize is clarified by recent research. In 2008 Fredrik S. Heffermehl, a Norwegian lawyer and author and a former IPB Vice President, published the first known legal study of the prize and its purpose. In 2010 he publishedThe Nobel Peace Prize. What Nobel Really Wanted (Praeger, 2010) with later updates in Chinese, Finnish, Swedish (Leopard, 2011).
The case for declaring the 2012 prize unlawful further rests on facts widely known and mentioned in comments following the announcement and we implore the Foundation to act in defense of the Nobel Peace Prize and its creator Alfred Nobel.
Loyal promotion of Nobel´s global peace order is the committee´s main obligation. Even accepting some flexibility with technical rules, the 2012 prize for the EU is particularly problematic in relation to Nobel language on “the last expired year” and that the winner should be a “person.”

We would appreciate an urgent clarification from the Foundation.
Sincerely,


Mairead Maguire, Nobel laureate, Northern Ireland,


Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Nobel laureate, South Africa


Adolfo Perez Esquivel, Nobel laureate, Argentina
Co-signed by the following in their personal capacities
(organizational affiliation only for identification and relevance)
Bruce Kent, former president of the International Peace Bureau, IPB (UK)
Robert Hinde, professor, Movement for the Abolition of War (UK)
Peter Kolbe, Board Member, UNA Branch of Baden Württemberg (Germany)
David Swanson, author, warisacrime.org (USA)
Tomas Magnusson, Co-president, International Peace Bureau (Sweden)
Ståle Eskeland, professor of law, University of Oslo, Norway
Fredrik S. Heffermehl, lawyer and author (The Nobel Peace Prize), Norway

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